Workers’ Party of Korea’s Struggle Against Revisionism
By DERMOT HUDSON – England
The WPK conducted its own struggle against revisionism from an independent position. But WPK is amongst those who saw modern revisionism originating after 1953, particularly at the infamous 20th CPSU Congress with Khrushchev and this is not only a phenomena of 1980’s – the Gorbachev era.
Kim Jong II the new General Secretary of WPK said in 1955: "The process of the degeneration and collapse began after 1953 with the emergence of modern day revisionism which vilified the leader and the revolutionary pioneers, distorted and debased the revolutionary ideas of the working class."
The WPK defined revisionism as the denial of the leadership of the Marxist-Leninist Party and the dictatorship of the proletariat, plus the opposition to any class struggle. Revisionism spread illusions about imperialism and obstructed the people’s revolutionary struggle for social and national liberation in every way. In order to achieve these aims, these revisionists started to attack the leader (J.V. Stalin) trying to impair his authority and damage his prestige.
Comrade Kim Il Sung in his celebrated work on "On Eliminating Dogmatism and Formalism and Establishing Juche in Ideological Work (December 23,1955) pointed out that a faction working inside the WPK, on returning from Moscow, had demanded that Korea drop its slogan against Imperialism on the grounds that the USSR, headed by Khrushchev, wants to ease international tensions. This was the attempt by these factionalists within the WPK to spread revisionism.
It was in 1956 that things reached a very critical stage. Khrushchev made his infamous speech at the 20th Congress of the CPSU – thus heralding the open revisionist campaign and this caused revisionism in many parties of the world and the planned attempt by these hidden revisionists to destroy the communist parties from within.
Sensing this, imperialism and South Korea Syngman Rhee regime went wild, talking about his "March North". The DPRK had only just completed the tremendous post-war reconstruction and the rehabilitation of the economy after the devastation of the war. The revisionist faction inside the WPK seized their chance to try and overthrow the leadership with the complete backing of the revisionists from outside.
The USSR delegate to the 3rd Congress of the WPK was Leonid Brezhnev, who at that time made a veiled attack on the WPK leadership. The revisionists at that time tried to stage a coup to overthrow the WPK leadership with the backing of the outside revisionists.
Revisionism tried to refashion Marxism-Leninism. They always laud themselves as cleverer than Marx-Engels, Lenin and Stalin. They also preach that we can exist in peace with the Yankees – but how can we not struggle against Imperialism headed by US!
The policy of WPK leadership is that the source of revisionism is the acceptance of the domestic bourgeois influence and surrendering to the external imperialist pressure.
There is also danger from left opportunism which had appeared in the communist movements.
In "On the Juche in Our Revolution" Vol. 1, page 549 – this is the warning: "We must fight left opportunism as well as modern revisionism. Left opportunism fails to take into account the changed realities and dogmatically seek isolated propositions of Marxism-Leninism. This leads people to extreme action under super-revolutionary slogans. They also divorce the party from the working masses, split the revolutionary forces and thus prevent a concentrated attack on the principal enemy."
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