This article will be continued in the next issue and NSC will have remarks regarding this article. The facts are from Soviet historical documents, plus from the book "Here is the Evidence" by Marko Terlytsa, Kobzar Publishing, Canada 1984.
On the 15th Anniversary of the So-Called Ukrainian Insurgent Army [UPA]
By A. Mayevski, Secretary of the Central Committee of the VKPB
Statement of the Bureau of the Central Committee of the AUCPB for Ukraine, Moldavia and Transnistria
On October 14, 2006 the President of Ukraine, Victor Yushchenko, published a decree "on the Thorough and Objective Study of the Activity of the Ukrainian Liberation Movement and the Assistance in Process of National Reconciliation". This decree requires the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, together with the National Academy of Sciences to develop a bill "About the Ukrainian Liberation Movement of 1920-1950", by which "to provide the acknowledgement of the activity of the organizations, which' were struggling for the Ukrainian independent conciliator state in the 1920-50s by the Ukrainian Liberation Movement." The decree forces the Ministry of Education and Science or Ukraine, together with the Academy of Sciences, to ensure "a more comprehensive and objective interpretation in the education about the questions concerning the activity... of the Ukrainian insurgent army... and the organizations of the Ukrainian nationalists..." On May 16, 2007 another decree is published by President Victor Yushchenko "About the Commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the birthday of Roman Shukhevich", in which Roman Shukhevich is named "an outstanding military and political figure".
This decree includes the following activities: a celebration event in honour of the 100th birthday of Roman Shukhevich; an academic conference, dedicated to his life and work to be held in October in Kiev, conferences and round tables in other regions of Ukraine; presentation of films about the national liberation movement in the 1920-50s and Roman Shukhevich; building a monument to Shukhevich; release of anniversary coin, stamp and envelope; naming individual training and research institutions after Roman Shukhevich; renaming streets after him; educational events in the military institutions; and a series of TV and radio shows dedicated to this subject.
What is the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) and its commander Roman Shukhevich? Immediately after the attack of fascist Germany on the Soviet Union and the occupation of Ukraine, partisan units began to be formed in Volyn and Polissa. Partisans inflicted significant material loss on the fascists, on their communications, prevented the systematic supply of the front with more soldiers, military equipment, weapons and ammunition. Therefore, fascists, in order to defeat the partisan movement, relying on the organization of Ukrainian nationalists (OUN), in the fall of 1942 began to create armed units from the local population, first of all from the politically semiliterate and inhabitants of the Western Ukraine deceived by nationalistic propaganda. These formations subsequently were called the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA), political leadership of which was exercised by the OUN.
It should be noted that the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists from the moment of its creation by Yevgen Konovaletz in 1929 was tightly connected with the German military and political circles, and later with fascists, and was a malicious anti-Soviet and anti-Communist terrorist organization of a fascist type. Leaders of the OUN Stepan Bandera, A. Melnyk, Roman Shukhevich and others were paid agents of Gestapo and Abwehr. Thus, Bandera and Shukhevich received training in fascist Italy in the special school of intelligence officers. Shukhevich, in 1937, after serving a term in the Polish prison for organizing, together with Bandera, the murder of the Minister of Internal Affairs of Poland B. Peratski (1934), undertook special courses in the German military academy in Munich. After the death of Konovaletz, Melnyk was elected a leader of the OUN in 1939. Melnyk was an active agent of Abwehr under the nickname "Counsul-1", who for his anti-Soviet activity yeariy obtained from the German government 2-2.5 million marks. Banderites in disagreement with the tactics of the OUN under Melnyk, whom they charged with inactivity, conservatism and flabbiness, in April 1941 at the "great meeting" in Cracow elected Stepan Bandera as their leader.
This part of the Organization of the Ukrainian Nationalists ("revolutionary", as they called it) was named OUN(b). Their primary tasks were: the overthrow of the Bolshevik regime in Ukraine; the deepening of connections with the states – enemies of communism: Germany, Italy and Japan; coordination of actions with the German army in the rear of the Red Army. In the negotiations between Bandera and the agents of Abwehr a complete mutual understanding was achieved and Bandera started receiving from the Germans also 2.5 million Marks and weapons. According to the command of the Chief of Abwehr Kanaris, Banderites form the battalion SS "Nachtigall". From the followers of Bandera, Melnyk, Petliura and Getman the battalion SS "Roland" was formed. Shukhevich was the deputy commander of battalion "Nachtigall" (commanders of both battalions were Hitler's officers, and their deputies were OUN militants). On June 30, 1941 battalion "Nachtigall" in the convoy of Hitler troops broke into Lviv. During the same day Banderites headed by Yaroslav Stetsko (deputy of Bandera) proclaimed the so-called "Declaration of Independence". The third point of this report says: "The renewed Ukrainian state will closely interact with the great National-Socialist Germany, which under Adolf Hitler's leadership creates new order in Europe and peace and it helps Ukrainian people to be freed from Muscovite occupation.
The Ukrainian National Revolutionary Army, which will be created on Ukrainian soil, will fight further together with the allied German army against Moscow occupation and for the Sovereign Conciliar Ukrainian State and new Ukrainian police. Experienced officers of fascist Abwehr led to the creation of UPA. The leading posts were assigned to members of OUN trained in Hitler's schools of diversion and intelligence, as well as German officers. Even organizational structure of UPA was similar to the system of the construction of fascist storm (assault) forces, created by Himmler. Only service ranks remained those of Banderites. Hitler's army did not only form the UPA, but also armed it. According to the far from complete data, for the armament of the UPA fascists transmitted more than 700 mortars, about 10 thousand heavy and light machine guns, 26 thousand automatic rifles, 22 thousand pistols, 100 thousand grenades, 80 thousand mines and projectiles, several million cartridges, field radio stations, portable machines and other armament. Active in the formation of UPA were Shukhevich and other Banderite leaders.
In the fall of 1943 Shukhevich, according to the agreement with Reichsfuehrer SS Himmler, was appointed as the Commander-in-Chief of UPA. He was given a title of General. Under Shukhevich's command, as irrefutably testify documents and eyewitnesses, Ukrainian Insurgent Army "became famous", first of all, by genocide against Poles, Jews, Gypsies and other ethnic groups of Ukraine. At the III Conference of OUN(b) in February 1943 was decided: "Using front chaos, to conduct total cleansing of the elements hostile to Ukrainian nationalism". Fulfilling this directive, Shukhevich gave the order: "To hurry with the liquidation of Poles, to destroy them to the root, purely Polish villages to burn down entirely, in the mixed population villages to kill only Poles... To treat the Jews and Gypsies in the same way as Poles: to destroy them mercilessly and to feel sorry for no one... To take care of doctors, pharmacists, chemists and nurses, containing them under order in the entire world". And Banderites "fought ". Fulfilling their ideological dogmas about the immediate liquidation of "undesirable Polish, Moscow and Jewish elements" and being based on Bandera's principle "our authority must be frightening", drunk militants of Nachtigall robbed, burnt, killed, cut and raped the inhabitants of Lviv.
This article is being published in the form in which it was sent to us. No footnotes were provided for any statement or fact, no names of the people whose quotes are used in this article. NSC is not responsible for any misrepresentations or incorrect statistics.
We may add that the current Ukrainian government cynically uses the memory of Stepan Bandera for its own ends. There is nothing to indicate that Bandera would find acceptable the current regime of ex-"communists" turned “free-marketers". Present rulers idolize Bandera and the UPA fighters posthumously, however, had Bandera been alive today, the current government of Ukraine would most certainly keep him far away from political life.